Eye Conditions

About This Condition ( Cataract and Anterior Segment )

al-salama-cataract-img2What is Cataract?

The eye lens is made mostly of water and protein. As the lens ages, the protein it is made of degenerates and becomes cloudy. This blocks some light from reaching the retina and interferes with one’s vision. A cataract is clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which in turn causes deterioration of vision. It is a natural process of ageing. Every person gets it, sooner or later.

Normal Vision


Advanced Cataract

Cataract Causes

Most people develop some lens clouding after age 60 years. About 50% of Americans aged 65-74 years have cataracts, as do about 70% of those 75 years or older. Most people develop the problem in both eyes, although clouding in one eye may be worse than in the other eye. Many people do not know they have cataracts.

In many cases, the cause of cataracts is unknown. Factors that may contribute to cataract development include diabetes, long-term use of corticosteroids, and other inflammatory and metabolic disorders. Other contributory factors include the following:

  • Age related: Most cataracts are related to ageing.
  • Childhood: Some cataracts develop at birth or in childhood, often in both eyes. These may or may not affect vision.
  • Hereditary: A family may have a history of developing cataracts.
  • During development: A mother may transmit cataracts to her baby during pregnancy if the mother has an infection, such as rubella (German measles).
  • Secondary cataract: Cataracts may be linked to certain other health problems, such as diabetes or steroid use.
  • Traumatic: Cataracts may follow an injury to the eye, either quickly or years later.
  • Other causes: Cataracts may follow radiation exposure and excessive exposure to UV light (sunlight), smoke, or alcohol.

Cataract Symptoms

Small cataracts may not cause any noticeable change in your vision. The condition tends to develop slowly, so vision worsens gradually. Some people with a cataract find that their close-up vision suddenly improves. This improvement is temporary. Vision will likely worsen again as the cataract develops.

The following symptoms can be signs not only of cataracts but also of other eye problems. If you experience any of these symptoms, your eyes should be examined by your ophthalmologist (a medical doctor who specializes in eye care and surgery).

  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Problems with light, including headlights that seem too bright, glare from lamps or bright sunlight, or a halo around lights
  • Difficulty reading
  • Faded colors
  • Poor night vision
  • Double or multiple vision (often goes away as a cataract grows)
  • Frequent changes in prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses

Our Services For This Condition

Cataract Clinic
General Ophthalmology


+91 9072662266
+91 9072663366
+91 9072664466

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